The history of churches dates back to 30 AD, fifty days after the passing and resurrection of Jesus Christ. The word church is originated from Greek word KUL Rikon, which means lord’s house. The Christianity had become a major religion by the end of the third century. Until the seventeenth century, the Churches had difficulty defining its image of God and the role played by the God in our world. The question how Churches began? Has often thrown around. Let’s see the evolution of churches over time from 30 A.D. to present.
The Apostolic Age of Christianity
The Apostolic Age of Christianity started in 33 A.D, and it lasted till 100 A.D. During that the Christianity gradually extended to other countries such as Syria, Greece, and Italy. The writings during this period aimed at the followers of Christianity. The churches were used as a medium to convey their writing. The Apostolic writers are the immediate followers of Jesus Christ.
Council of Nicaea
The Council of Nicaea age of churches started in 101 A.D, and it lasted till 590 A.D. The religious writings during this period consist of two different types. One is aimed at Christians, and the other is aimed at non-Christians. At that time, the Christianity became the official religion of the Roman empire. This era lasted until the fall of the Roman empire as far as this is well known ever by a number of people who are involved.
The Medieval Church
The medieval era is one of the longest lasting eras in the history of Christianity. The era lasted for over 900+ years. In the medieval era, the church played a vital role in the life of its citizens. The palmy period under the papal theocracy of the great Gregory VII to Boniface VIII lasted from 1073 A.D. to 1294 A.D. The intensity of papacy, monasticism, and scholasticism was high in this period of time. The battle between the noble Pope between and the Emperor happened in this period. This period started in 1049.
The Modern Church
The modern era of the church gave way to second great awakening in 1820. Liberalism was followed by neo-orthodoxy and process theology in the modern era. The rise of feminism can be considered the best part of this period. Liberation theology followed by First Vatican Council between 1869 and 1870, Second Vatican Council between 1962 and 1965 immediately followed by Pentecostalism are the noteworthy happenings.
The Postmodern Church
We are in the era of Postmodern churches. This period of time involves keen observation over objectives and absolutes. New-age thinking is the basis of this philosophical churches that involves Nietzsche, Freud, Heidegger, and Marx. The Jesus movement of 1971 followed by the Third Wave Charismatic renewal and Relativism are the notable signs of improvement. Lately, it gave rise to Vineyard Movement and Open Theism.
The Churches played a vital role in the development of Christianity. The Churches were used as a medium to spread practices and ideas. The churches also acted as a communal ground for the people to meet and interact.